3 years ago

Ultrafast terahertz snapshots of excitonic Rydberg states and electronic coherence in an organometal halide perovskite

Ultrafast terahertz snapshots of excitonic Rydberg states and electronic coherence in an organometal halide perovskite
Yaroslav Mudryk, Xin Zhao, Joong M. Park, Javier Vela, Long Men, Kai-Ming Ho, Liang Luo, Joseph Shinar, Ruth Shinar, Jigang Wang, Zhaoyu Liu, Ilias E. Perakis, Yongxin Yao
How photoexcitations evolve into Coulomb-bound electron and hole pairs, called excitons, and unbound charge carriers is a key cross-cutting issue in photovoltaics and optoelectronics. Until now, the initial quantum dynamics following photoexcitation remains elusive in the hybrid perovskite system. Here we reveal excitonic Rydberg states with distinct formation pathways by observing the multiple resonant, internal quantum transitions using ultrafast terahertz quasi-particle transport. Nonequilibrium emergent states evolve with a complex co-existence of excitons, carriers and phonons, where a delayed buildup of excitons under on- and off-resonant pumping conditions allows us to distinguish between the loss of electronic coherence and hot state cooling processes. The nearly 1 ps dephasing time, efficient electron scattering with discrete terahertz phonons and intermediate binding energy of 13.5 meV in perovskites are distinct from conventional photovoltaic semiconductors. In addition to providing implications for coherent energy conversion, these are potentially relevant to the development of light-harvesting and electron-transport devices.

Publisher URL: http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms15565

DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15565

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