4 years ago

Final results from a Phase II study of pemetrexed and cisplatin with concurrent thoracic radiation after Pem-Cis induction in patients with unresectable locally advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)

This single-arm multicenter Phase II study investigated the efficacy and safety of pemetrexed (Pem) and cisplatin (Cis) induction chemotherapy (CT) followed by full-dose Pem-Cis plus concurrent radiotherapy (RT) in patients with locally advanced non-squamous NSCLC. Materials and methods Patients with unresectable Stage III non-squamous NSCLC received two 21-day cycles of Pem 500mg/m2 (vitamin/folic acid supplementation and dexamethasone prophylaxis per Pem-label)+Cis 75mg/m2 on Day 1. Eligible patients who had not progressed continued with 2 further cycles of full-dose Pem-Cis plus concurrent RT (2Gy/fraction, 5 days/week, 66Gy total). Primary endpoint was the 1-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate. Results Of 90 patients enrolled (all treated; median age 61 years, male/female 57%/43%, ECOG performance status 0/1 66%/34%, adenocarcinoma 90%, Stage III 36%/62%), 75 (83%) completed induction CT and started concurrent CT+RT. 64 (71%) patients received all 4 CT cycles and an RT dose ≥60Gy. The 1-year PFS rate was 51.3% (95%CI: 42.0, 60.5). Median PFS was 10.6 months (95%CI: 8.6, 17.3), median OS was 26.2 months (95%CI: 16.7, not estimable). One patient died from enteritis (treatment-related) during Cycle 4. Four patients discontinued due to treatment-related adverse events, 1 on induction CT (renal failure), 3 on concurrent CT+RT (1 hypoacusis, 2 acute esophagitis). During induction CT, 18.9% of patients reported Grade 3/4 CTCAEs, only neutropenia (2.2%) and syncope (2.2%) were reported by >1 patient. During concurrent CT+RT, 41.3% of patients reported G3/4 CTCAEs, mainly esophagitis (12.0%), neutropenia (10.7%), and leukopenia (9.3%). Conclusion In this study of Pem-Cis induction CT followed by full-dose Pem-Cis with concurrent RT, median PFS was 10.6 months and toxicity was manageable, in line with previous data on Pem-Cis plus RT.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0169500215001245

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.