5 years ago

Effect of tiotropium on COPD exacerbations: A systematic review

Exacerbation frequency is related to disease progression, quality of life, and prognosis in COPD. Earlier diagnosis, along with interventions aimed at preventing exacerbations and delaying progression, may help reduce the global burden of disease. Long-acting inhaled bronchodilators are effective at maintaining symptom relief and are recommended as first-choice therapy for more symptomatic patients and those at risk of exacerbation. Methods As prevention of exacerbations is a priority goal in COPD management and a number of different long-acting bronchodilators are available, we conducted a systematic review of exacerbation data from randomized controlled trials (published January 2000 to May 2014) comparing the effect of tiotropium versus placebo and/or other maintenance therapies. Results Exacerbations were a primary endpoint in 12 publications (five studies: four comparing tiotropium with placebo; one with active comparator) and a secondary endpoint in 17 publications (seven studies: six comparing tiotropium with placebo; one with active comparator). Overall, tiotropium was associated with a longer time to first exacerbation event and fewer exacerbations (including severe exacerbations/hospitalizations) compared with placebo and long-acting β2-agonists. Tiotropium also showed similar efficacy to glycopyrronium and a fixed long-acting muscarinic antagonist/long-acting β2-agonist combination (glycopyrronium/indacaterol), although not all studies were powered to demonstrate differences in exacerbation outcomes. Exacerbation outcomes were comparable with both formulations of tiotropium (HandiHaler® 18 μg/Respimat® 5 μg). Conclusions The results of this comprehensive systematic review demonstrate tiotropium is beneficial in reducing exacerbation risk versus placebo or other maintenance treatments.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0954611116300300

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.