4 years ago

The bronchodilator effects of extrafine glycopyrronium added to combination treatment with beclometasone dipropionate plus formoterol in COPD: A randomised crossover study (the TRIDENT study)

This multicentre, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, crossover study aimed to determine the dose-response of the long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) glycopyrronium bromide (GB) when added to beclometasone dipropionate plus formoterol fumarate (BDP/FF) in patients with COPD. Patients received extrafine GB 12.5, 25 or 50 μg twice daily (BID) or placebo for 7 days via pressurised metered dose inhaler (pMDI), and extrafine BDP/FF via pMDI throughout the study. The primary objective was to demonstrate superiority of GB plus BDP/FF versus BDP/FF in terms of FEV1 area under the curve from 0 to 12 h (AUC0–12h) on Day 7. Secondary endpoints included: FEV1 AUC0–12h on Day 1; peak FEV1 and FVC on Days 1 and 7; and trough (12 h post-dose) FEV1, FVC and inspiratory capacity (IC) on Days 1 and 7. Of 178 patients randomised (mean age 62.7 years, post-bronchodilator FEV1 48.9%), 172 (96.6%) completed. Mean FEV1 AUC0–12h on Day 7 was significantly higher (p < 0.001) for all GB doses plus BDP/FF compared to BDP/FF alone, with the difference for the 25 and 50 μg BID doses being clinically relevant (i.e., ≥100 mL). The results for the other spirometry endpoints were consistent with the primary endpoint. Adverse events were reported in 7.4, 5.7 and 8.0% of patients receiving GB 12.5, 25 and 50 μg BID, respectively, versus 11.0% of patients receiving BDP/FF alone. This study confirms the value of adding GB to BDP/FF to improve lung function in COPD patients. The dose of extrafine GB 25 μg BID was associated with the best efficacy/safety profile. Trial registered at ClinicalTrials.gov. Registration number NCT01476813.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S095461111630049X

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