3 years ago

Caveolin1 protects against diet induced hepatic lipid accumulation in mice

Meng Li, Han Ma, Jiewei Wang, Youming Li, Haixiu Huang, Dahua Chen, Chengfu Xu, Chunxiao Li, Xingyong Wan, Chaohui Yu

by Meng Li, Dahua Chen, Haixiu Huang, Jiewei Wang, Xingyong Wan, Chengfu Xu, Chunxiao Li, Han Ma, Chaohui Yu, Youming Li

Background and aim

Caveolin1 (CAV1) is involved in lipid homeostasis and endocytosis, but little is known about the significance of CAV1 in the pathogenesis and development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study aimed to determine the role of CAV1 in NAFLD.

Methods

Expression of CAV1 in the in vitro and in vivo models of NAFLD was analyzed. The effects of CAV1 knockdown or overexpression on free fatty acid (FFA)-induced lipid accumulation in L02 cells and AML12 cells were determined. CAV1 knockout (CAV1-KO) mice and their wild-type (WT) littermates were subjected to a high fat diet (HFD) for 4 weeks, and the functional consequences of losing the CAV1 gene and its subsequent molecular mechanisms were also examined.

Results

Noticeably, CAV1 expression was markedly reduced in NAFLD. CAV1 knockdown led to the aggravation of steatosis that was induced by FFA in both L02 cells and AML12 cells, while CAV1 overexpression markedly attenuated lipid accumulation in the cells. Consistent with CAV1 repression in the livers of HFD-induced mice, the CAV1-KO mice exhibited more severe hepatic steatosis upon HFD intake. In addition, increased cholesterol levels and elevated transaminases were detected in the plasma of CAV1-KO mice. The protein expression of SREBP1, a key gene involved in lipogenesis, was augmented following CAV1 suppression in FFA-treated hepatocytes and in the livers of HFD-fed CAV1-KO mice.

Conclusions

CAV1 serves as an important protective factor in the development of NAFLD by modulating lipid metabolism gene expression.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0178748

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