5 years ago

Association of early suspected acute exacerbations of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis with subsequent clinical outcomes and healthcare resource utilization

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) may be complicated by episodes of acute exacerbation. This study quantified the association between occurrence of suspected acute exacerbations of IPF (AEx-IPF) in the 6 months post-IPF diagnosis with clinical outcomes and IPF-related healthcare resource utilization (HRU). Methods U.S. pulmonologists participated in a retrospective chart review of IPF patients. Patient eligibility criteria included: 1) ≥40 years of age and a confirmed date of first IPF diagnosis with HRCT and/or lung biopsy between January 2011–June 2013; 2) 2 separate FVC results recorded around first diagnosis and 6 months post-diagnosis. Patients with a suspected AEx-IPF within 6 months post-diagnosis were categorized as “early AEx-IPF.” Subsequent clinical outcomes and IPF-related HRU were assessed from 6 months post-diagnosis until the latest physician contact date. Results The sample included 490 IPF patients from 168 pulmonologists; 72 (15%) patients had a suspected early AEx-IPF. At IPF diagnosis, the mean (SD) age was 61 (11) years, 68% were male, and the mean FVC percent predicted was 60% (26%). Compared to patients without a suspected early AEx-IPF, patients with an early AEx-IPF had higher mortality risk (HR = 2.87, p < 0.001) and higher rates of subsequent suspected AEx-IPF (IRR = 3.87, p < 0.001), outpatient visits (IRR = 1.46, p < 0.001), ER visits (IRR = 4.39, p < 0.001), hospitalizations (IRR = 7.96, p < 0.001), and ICU stays (IRR = 9.74, p < 0.001). Conclusions Using a large sample of IPF patients from varied practice settings, we found a strong relationship between suspected early AEx-IPF and worse subsequent clinical outcomes and increased IPF-related HRU. This relationship was particularly pronounced for acute resource use.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0954611115300822

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