3 years ago

Upregulation of Atrogin-1/FBXO32 is not necessary for cartilage destruction in mouse models of osteoarthritis

In a preliminary study, we found that recently identified catabolic regulators of osteoarthritis (OA), including hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-2α and members of the zinc-ZIP8-MTF1 axis, upregulate the E3 ubiquitin ligase, Atrogin-1 (encoded by Fbxo32), in chondrocytes. As the ubiquitination/proteasomal degradation pathways are tightly regulated to modulate the expression of catabolic factors in chondrocytes, we examined the in vivo functions of Atrogin-1 in mouse models of OA. Methods The mRNA and protein levels of Atrogin-1 and other regulators of OA were determined in primary cultured mouse chondrocytes, OA human cartilage, and OA cartilage from wild-type (WT) and Fbxo32-knockout (KO) mice subjected to destabilization of the medial meniscus or intra-articular (IA) injection of adenoviruses expressing HIF-2α (Ad-Epas1), ZIP8 (Ad-Zip8), or Atrogin-1 (Ad-Fbxo32). The effect of Atrogin-1 overexpression on the cartilage of WT mice was examined by IA injection of Ad-Fbxo32. Results Atrogin-1 mRNA levels in chondrocytes were markedly increased by treatment with interleukin-1β, HIF-2α, and members of the zinc-ZIP8-MTF1 axis. Atrogin-1 protein levels were also increased in OA cartilage from humans and various mouse OA models. However, the forced overexpression of Atrogin-1 in chondrocytes did not modulate the expression of cartilage matrix molecules or matrix-degrading enzymes. Moreover, overexpression of Atrogin-1 in the mouse joint tissues failed to cause OA pathogenesis, and Fbxo32 knockout failed to affect post-traumatic OA cartilage destruction in mice. Conclusions Although Atrogin-1 is upregulated in OA cartilage, overexpression of Atrogin-1 in the joint tissues or knockout of Fbxo32 does not affect OA cartilage destruction in mice.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1063458416301935

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