3 years ago

Item response theory and validity of the NEO-FFI in adolescents

The present study applied item response theory (IRT) to the NEO five factor inventory (NEO-FFI) completed by a community based sample of adolescents. The results revealed that many of these personality items may not be discriminating well, with some traits demonstrating greater reliability than others. Furthermore, the threshold values highlighted that the majority of the items had skewed responses, suggesting a limited utility of some response categories. Generally, removing poorly discriminating items does not harm external validity, suggesting IRT reduces measurement error and increases reliability without compromising validity.

Highlights

► It is important to maximise the precision of personality measurement in adolescents. ► We apply item response theory (IRT) to the NEO-FFI in an adolescent sample. ► IRT was used to assess item validity and highlight poorly performing indicators. ► Removing poor items reduced measurement error without compromising validity. ► IRT analysis can be used to develop personality measures ensuring item validity.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0191886912002905

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