3 years ago

Admiration regulates social hierarchy: Antecedents, dispositions, and effects on intergroup behavior

In four studies, we report evidence that admiration affects intergroup behaviors that regulate social hierarchy. We demonstrate that manipulating the legitimacy of status relations affects admiration for the dominant and that this emotion negatively predicts political action tendencies aimed at social change. In addition, we show that greater warmth and competence lead to greater admiration for an outgroup, which in turn positively predicts deferential behavior and intergroup learning. We also demonstrate that, for those with a disposition to feel admiration, increasing admiration for an outgroup decreases willingness to take political action against that outgroup. Finally, we show that when the object of admiration is a subversive “martyr,” admiration positively predicts political action tendencies and behavior aimed at challenging the status quo. These findings provide the first evidence for the important role of admiration in regulating social hierarchy.

Highlights

► Greater admiration is felt for a group with legitimate status. ► Greater admiration is felt for warm and competent groups. ► Admiration for powerful groups is associated with hierarchy-maintaining behaviors. ► Admiration for “subversive” groups is associated with hierarchy-challenging behaviors. ► Admiration towards an outgroup inhibits hierarchy-maintaining behaviors.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0022103112002119

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