3 years ago

Cytoprotective action against oxidative stress in astrocytes and neurons by Bactris guineensis (L.) H.E. Moore (corozo) fruit extracts

Cytoprotective action against oxidative stress in astrocytes and neurons by Bactris guineensis (L.) H.E. Moore (corozo) fruit extracts
Neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis are characterized by having a significant increase in oxidative stress that can lead to the cellular damage of both neurons and astrocytes. Therefore, the search for molecules that can modulate oxidative stress in these diseases has recently gain interest, especially for those non-traditional antioxidants that can be gained from diet. In the present work, pulp and seed extracts from the fruit of the palm, Bactris guineensis were obtained by hydro-alcoholic solution and by a solid-liquid phase using solvents with different polarities and evaluated for their capacity to protect both neurons and astrocytes against rotenone-induced oxidative stress. Analysis of the chemical antioxidant activity showed that Bactris guineensis pulp crude extract and seed ethyl acetate and ethanol extracts had a high scavenging capacity when compared with extracts obtained in Hexane and dichloromethane. Toxicity assays also showed that the pulp crude extract and seed ethyl acetate and ethanol extracts at low doses did not affect the cell viability of primary astrocyte and SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. In addition, ethyl acetate and ethanol extracts, not only decreased O2 radicals production but also protected both SHSY5Y and astrocytes oxidative stress induced by rotenone. Together our results suggest that Bactris guineensis fruit contain antioxidant molecules that can have therapeutic potential.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0278691517301941

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