3 years ago

Live baculovirus acts as a strong B and T cell adjuvant for monomeric and oligomeric protein antigens

Recombinant proteins produced by baculovirus (BV) expression systems contain residual BV after crude purification. We studied adjuvant effect of BV on antibody and T cell responses against two model antigens, monomeric ovalbumin (OVA) protein and oligomeric norovirus (NoV) virus-like particles (VLPs). BALB/c mice were immunized intradermally with OVA alone or OVA formulated with live or inactivated BV, and VLP formulations comprised of chromatographically purified NoV GII.4 VLPs alone or mixed with BV, or of crude purified VLPs containing BV impurities from expression system. Live BV improved immunogenicity of NoV VLPs, sparing VLP dose up to 10-fold. Moreover, soluble OVA protein induced IgG2a antibodies and T cell response only when co-administered with live BV. BV adjuvant effect was completely abrogated by removal or inactivation of BV. These findings support the usage of crude purified proteins containing residual BV as vaccine antigens.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0042682217302878

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