3 years ago

Electronic π-Delocalization Boosts Catalytic Water Oxidation by Cu(II) Molecular Catalysts Heterogenized on Graphene Sheets

Electronic π-Delocalization Boosts Catalytic Water Oxidation by Cu(II) Molecular Catalysts Heterogenized on Graphene Sheets
Pere Monge, Dooshaye Moonshiram, Antoni Llobet, Victor S. Batista, Pablo Garrido-Barros, Antonio Picón, Carolina Gimbert-Suriñach
A molecular water oxidation catalyst based on the copper complex of general formula [(Lpy)CuII]2–, 22–, (Lpy is 4-pyrenyl-1,2-phenylenebis(oxamidate) ligand) has been rationally designed and prepared to support a more extended π-conjugation through its structure in contrast with its homologue, the [(L)CuII]2– water oxidation catalyst, 12– (L is o-phenylenebis(oxamidate)). The catalytic performance of both catalysts has been comparatively studied in homogeneous phase and in heterogeneous phase by π-stacking anchorage to graphene-based electrodes. In the homogeneous system, the electronic perturbation provided by the pyrene functionality translates into a 150 mV lower overpotential for 22– with respect to 12– and an impressive increase in the kcat from 6 to 128 s–1. Upon anchorage, π-stacking interactions with the graphene sheets provide further π-delocalization that improves the catalytic performance of both catalysts. In this sense, 22– turned out to be the most active catalyst due to the double influence of both the pyrene and the graphene, displaying an overpotential of 538 mV, a kcat of 540 s–1 and producing more than 5300 TONs.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b06828

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b06828

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