3 years ago

Rapid Isolation of Centromeres from Scheffersomyces stipitis

Rapid Isolation of Centromeres from Scheffersomyces stipitis
Mingfeng Cao, Andrew Josef Severin, Arun Somwarpet Seetharam, Zengyi Shao
Centromeres (CENs) are the chromosomal regions promoting kinetochore formation for faithful chromosome segregation. In yeasts, CENs have been recognized as the essential elements for extra-chromosomal DNA stabilization. However, the epigeneticity of CENs makes their localization on individual chromosomes very challenging, especially in many not well-studied nonconventional yeast species. Previously, we applied a stepwise method to identify a 500-bp CEN5 from Scheffersomyces stipitis chromosome 5 and experimentally confirmed its critical role on improving plasmid stability. Here we report a library-based strategy that integrates in silico GC3 chromosome scanning and high-throughput functional screening, which enabled the isolation of all eight S. stipitis centromeres with a 16 000-fold reduction in sequence very efficiently. Further identification of a 125-bp CEN core sequence that appears multiple times on each chromosome but all in the unique signature GC3-valley indicates that CEN location might be accurately discerned by their local GC3 percentages in a subgroup of yeasts.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssynbio.7b00166

DOI: 10.1021/acssynbio.7b00166

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