5 years ago

Two-dimensional non-volatile programmable p–n junctions

Two-dimensional non-volatile programmable p–n junctions
Zheng Liu, Zengxing Zhang, Zhengzong Sun, Pulickel M. Ajayan, Peng Yu, Mingyuan Chen, Dong Li
Semiconductor p–n junctions are the elementary building blocks of most electronic and optoelectronic devices. The need for their miniaturization has fuelled the rapid growth of interest in two-dimensional (2D) materials. However, the performance of a p–n junction considerably degrades as its thickness approaches a few nanometres and traditional technologies, such as doping and implantation, become invalid at the nanoscale. Here we report stable non-volatile programmable p–n junctions fabricated from the vertically stacked all-2D semiconductor/insulator/metal layers (WSe2/hexagonal boron nitride/graphene) in a semifloating gate field-effect transistor configuration. The junction exhibits a good rectifying behaviour with a rectification ratio of 104 and photovoltaic properties with a power conversion efficiency up to 4.1% under a 6.8 nW light. Based on the non-volatile programmable properties controlled by gate voltages, the 2D p–n junctions have been exploited for various electronic and optoelectronic applications, such as memories, photovoltaics, logic rectifiers and logic optoelectronic circuits.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2017.104

DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2017.104

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