5 years ago

Structure-Activity Relationship Study of Small Molecule Inhibitors of the DEPTOR-mTOR Interaction

Structure-Activity Relationship Study of Small Molecule Inhibitors of the DEPTOR-mTOR Interaction
DEPTOR is a 48 kDa protein that binds to mTOR and inhibits this kinase within mTORC1 and mTORC2 complexes. Over-expression of DEPTOR specifically occurs in the multiple myeloma (MM) tumor model and DEPTOR knockdown is cytotoxic to MM cells, suggesting it is a potential therapeutic target. Since mTORC1 paralysis protects MM cells against DEPTOR knockdown, it indicates that the protein-protein interaction between DEPTOR and mTOR is key to MM viability vs death. In a previous study, we used a yeast two-hybrid screen of a small inhibitor library to identify a compound that inhibited DEPTOR/mTOR binding in yeast. This therapeutic (compound B) also prevented DEPTOR/mTOR binding in MM cells and was selectively cytotoxic to MM cells. We now present a structure-activity relationship (SAR) study around this compound as a follow-up report of this previous work. This study has led to the discovery of five new leads – namely compounds 3g, 3k, 4d, 4e and 4g – all of which have anti-myeloma cytotoxic properties superior to compound B. Due to their targeting of DEPTOR, these compounds activate mTORC1 and selectively induce MM cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0968089617309409

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