5 years ago

Application of a novel 3D drill template for cervical pedicle screw tunnel design: a cadaveric study



To develop and validate the efficacy and accuracy of a three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) reconstructive rapid prototyping drill template for cervical pedicle screw placement.


CT thin-layer scans were obtained from 12 adult cadaveric cervical specimens and reconstructed. The ideal screw channels were chosen by analyzing the cross sections of the reconstructed 3D images. The navigation templates were designed and printed based on the optimal screw channels. The pedicle screws were placed on the cadaver specimens under template guidance, and the cadaver specimens were scanned and reconstructed. The pre- and post-operative models were compared. Entry point and exit point data of these two models were collected and compared using the Chi-square test.


A total of 164 cervical pedicle screws were placed; among them, six punctured the cortical bone of the vertebral pedicle reaching an accuracy of 96.3%. Among the outside screws, all of the deviation distances were <2 mm. The Chi-square test results showed that when a deviation of 1.2 mm was used as a standard for the entry point, there was no difference between the two groups (χ 2 = 1.346, p = 0.248); when a deviation of 2.2 mm was used as a standard for the exit point, there was no difference between the two groups (χ 2 = 3.250, p = 0.061).


The 3D CT reconstructive rapid prototyping drill template combined with the screw tunnel design based on 3D cutting technique can help facilitate accurate cervical pedicle screw insertion.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00586-017-5118-3

DOI: 10.1007/s00586-017-5118-3

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