3 years ago

Genetic and transcriptomic analyses of lignin- and lodging-related traits in Brassica napus

Jiana Li, Rui Wang, Kun Lu, Liezhao Liu, Andrew H. Paterson, Lijuan Wei, Xinfu Xu, Nengwen Yin, Xiujian Duan, Wei Li, Jia Wang, Hongju Jian

Abstract

Key message

Candidate genes associated with lignin and lodging traits were identified by combining phenotypic, genotypic, and gene expression data in B. napus.

Abstract

Brassica napus is one of the world’s most important oilseed crops, but its yield can be dramatically reduced by lodging, bending, and falling of its vertical stems. Lignin has been shown to contribute to stem mechanical strength. In this study, we found that the syringyl/guaiacyl (S/G) monolignol ratio exhibits a significant negative correlation with disease and lodging resistance. A total of 92 and 50 SNP and SSR loci, respectively, were found to be significantly associated with five traits, breaking force, breaking strength, lodging coefficient, acid detergent lignin content, and the S/G monolignol ratio using GWAS. To identify novel genes involved in lignin biosynthesis, transcriptome sequencing of high- (H) and low (L)-ADL content accessions was performed. The up-regulated genes were mainly involved in glycoside catabolic processes (especially glucosinolate catabolism) and cell wall biogenesis, while down-regulated genes were involved in glucosinolate biosynthesis, indicating that crosstalk exists between glucosinolate metabolic processes and lignin biosynthesis. Integrating this differential expression with the GWAS analysis, we identified four candidate genes regulating lignin, including glycosyl hydrolase (BnaA01g00480D), CYT1 (BnaA04g22820D), and two encoding transcription factors, SHINE1 (ERF family) and DAR6 (LIM family). This study provides insight into the genetic control of lodging and lignin in B. napus.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-017-2937-x

DOI: 10.1007/s00122-017-2937-x

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