Angiopoietin receptor TEK interacts with CYP1B1 in primary congenital glaucoma
Primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) is a severe autosomal recessive ocular disorder associated with considerable clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Recently, rare heterozygous alleles in the angiopoietin receptor-encoding gene TEK were implicated in PCG. We undertook this study to ascertain the second mutant allele in a large cohort (n = 337) of autosomal recessive PCG cases that carried heterozygous TEK mutations. Our investigations revealed 12 rare heterozygous missense mutations in TEK by targeted sequencing. Interestingly, four of these TEK mutations (p.E103D, p.I148T, p.Q214P, and p.G743A) co-occurred with three heterozygous mutations in another major PCG gene CYP1B1 (p.A115P, p.E229K, and p.R368H) in five families. The parents of these probands harbored either of the heterozygous TEK or CYP1B1 alleles and were asymptomatic, indicating a potential digenic mode of inheritance. Furthermore, we ascertained the interactions of TEK and CYP1B1 by co-transfection and pull-down assays in HEK293 cells. Ligand responsiveness of the wild-type and mutant TEK proteins was assessed in HUVECs using immunofluorescence analysis. We observed that recombinant TEK and CYP1B1 proteins interact with each other, while the disease-associated allelic combinations of TEK (p.E103D)::CYP1B1 (p.A115P), TEK (p.Q214P)::CYP1B1 (p.E229K), and TEK (p.I148T)::CYP1B1 (p.R368H) exhibit perturbed interaction. The mutations also diminished the ability of TEK to respond to ligand stimulation, indicating perturbed TEK signaling. Overall, our data suggest that interaction of TEK and CYP1B1 contributes to PCG pathogenesis and argue that TEK-CYP1B1 may perform overlapping as well as distinct functions in manifesting the disease etiology.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00439-017-1823-6
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