3 years ago

FKBP51s signature in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of melanoma patients as a possible predictive factor for immunotherapy

Nicola Zambrano, Vito Alessandro Lasorsa, Mario Capasso, Michele Russo, Paolo D’Arrigo, Anna D’Angelillo, Ester Simeone, Maria Fiammetta Romano, Paolo A. Ascierto, Simona Romano

Abstract

The inhibitory immune checkpoint PD-L1/PD1 promotes the alternative splicing of the FKBP5 gene, resulting in increased expression of its variant 4 in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of melanoma patients. The variant 4 transcript is translated into the truncated FKBP51s protein. Given the importance of co-inhibitory signalling in tumour immune escape, here we tested the potential for using FKBP51s expression to predict immunotherapy outcomes. To do this, we immunophenotyped PBMCs from 118 melanoma patients and 77 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Blood samples were collected before patients underwent ipilimumab treatment. In 64 of the 118 patients, FKBP51s expression was also assessed in regulatory T cells (Tregs). We found that each PBMC subset analysed contained an FKBP51spos fraction, and that this fraction was greater in the melanoma patients than healthy controls. In CD4 T lymphocytes, the FKBP51sneg fraction was significantly impaired. Tregs count was increased in melanoma patients, which is in line with previous studies. Also, by analyses of FKBP51s in Tregs, we identified a subgroup of ipilimumab nonresponder patients (p = 0.002). In conclusion, FKBP51s-based immunophenotyping of melanoma patients revealed several profiles related to a negative immune regulatory control and identified an unknown Treg subset. These findings are likely to be useful in the selection of the patients that are candidate for immunotherapy.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00262-017-2004-0

DOI: 10.1007/s00262-017-2004-0

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