3 years ago

Distress levels in patients with oropharyngeal vs. non-oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck over 1 year after diagnosis: a retrospective cohort study

Melissa Schorr, Desiree Hao, Barry D. Bultz, Lihong Zhong, Amy Waller, Linda E. Carlson, Shannon L. Groff, Harold Y. Lau

Abstract

Background

Human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers have been associated with different demographic profiles and disease characteristics than HPV-unrelated cancers in head and neck patients, but distress and other symptoms have not been compared. The aim of this study was to assess whether distress levels, fatigue, pain, anxiety, depression, and common psychological and practical problems differ between head and neck cancer patients with HPV-related vs. HPV-unrelated carcinomas (using oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPC) and non-OPC cancers as surrogates for HPV status).

Methods

Distress, depression, anxiety, fatigue, pain, and common problems were examined in 56 OPC and 90 non-OPC patients at 4 timepoints during the first year following diagnosis. Two-level hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine effects.

Results

The HPV-related OPC group was more likely to be younger (p = 0.05), Caucasian (p = 0.001), non-smokers (p = 0.01), earn more (p = 0.04), and present with more advanced stage (p < 0.0001). At baseline, OPC patients reported only higher pain scores (p = 0.01) than non-OPC patients. Total problems decreased more in the OPC group (p = 0.08) than the non-OPC group from baseline to 12-month follow-up. In both groups, scores on distress, depression, psychosocial problems, and practical problems decreased similarly over time.

Conclusions

Despite a difference in the clinico-demographic characteristics of HPV-related vs. HPV-unrelated patients, only baseline pain levels and total problems over time differed between the two groups.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00520-017-3733-5

DOI: 10.1007/s00520-017-3733-5

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