5 years ago

Identification of a novel <i>GJA3</i> mutation in a large Chinese family with congenital cataract using targeted exome sequencing

Junzhao Zhao, Xuedong Zheng, Yihua Yao, Yihua Zhu, Yanghui Xiu, Feng Gu, Weifang Fang, Liu Zhang, Xianglian Ge

by Yihua Yao, Xuedong Zheng, Xianglian Ge, Yanghui Xiu, Liu Zhang, Weifang Fang, Junzhao Zhao, Feng Gu, Yihua Zhu

Autosomal dominant congenital cataract (ADCC) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous ocular disease in children that results in serious visual impairments or even blindness. Targeted exome sequencing (TES) is an efficient method used for genetic diagnoses of inherited diseases. In the present study, we used a custom-made TES panel to identify the genetic defect of a four-generation Chinese family with bilateral pulverulent nuclear cataracts. A novel heterozygous missense mutation c.443C>T (p. T148I) in GJA3 was identified. The results of the bioinformatic analysis showed that the mutation was deleterious to the structure and hemichannel function of Cx46 encoded by GJA3. Plasmids expressing wild-type and mutant human Cx46 were constructed and ectopically expressed in human lens epithelial cells (HLECs) or human embryonic kidney (HEK-293) cells. Fluorescent images indicated aggregated signals of mutant protein in the cytoplasm, and a higher protein level was also detected in T148I stable cell lines. In summary, we identified a novel mutation in GJA3 for ADCC, which provided molecular insights into the pathogenic mechanism of ADCC.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0184440

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.