4 years ago

Simultaneous liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry determination of both polar and “multiresidue” pesticides in food using parallel hydrophilic interaction/reversed-phase liquid chromatography and a hybrid sample preparation approach

Pesticide testing of foodstuffs is usually accomplished with generic wide-scope multi-residue methods based on liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS). However, this approach does not cover some special pesticides, the so called “single-residue method” compounds, that are hardly compatible with standard reversed-phase (RP) separations due to their specific properties. In this article, we propose a comprehensive strategy for the integration of single residue method compounds and standard multiresidue pesticides within a single run. It is based on the use of a parallel LC column assembly with two different LC gradients performing orthogonal hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) and reversed-phase (RPLC) chromatography within one analytical run. Two sample aliquots were simultaneously injected on each column, using different gradients, being the eluents merged post-column prior to mass spectrometry detection. The approach was tested with 41 multiclass pesticides covering a wide range of physicochemical properties across several orders of log Kow (from −4 to +5.5). With this assembly, distinct separation from the void was attained for all the pesticides studied, keeping similar performance in terms of sensitivity, peak area reproducibility (<6 RSD% in most cases) and retention time stability of standard single column approaches (better than±0.1min). The application of the proposed approach using parallel HILIC/RPLC and RPLC/aqueous normal phase (Obelisc) were assessed in leek using LC–MS/MS. For this purpose, a hybrid QuEChERS (Quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe)/QuPPe (quick method for polar pesticides) method was evaluated based on solvent extraction with MeOH and acetonitrile followed by dispersive solid-phase extraction, delivering appropriate recoveries for most of the pesticides included in the study within the log Kow in the range from −4 to +5.5. The proposed strategy may be extended to other fields such as sport drug testing or environmental analysis, where the same type of variety of analytes featuring poor retention within a single chromatographic separation occurs.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0021967317312220

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