3 years ago

Combining Genomics To Identify the Pathways of Post-Transcriptional Nongenotoxic Signaling and Energy Homeostasis in Livers of Rats Treated with the Pregnane X Receptor Agonist, Pregnenolone Carbonitrile

Combining Genomics To Identify the Pathways of Post-Transcriptional Nongenotoxic Signaling and Energy Homeostasis in Livers of Rats Treated with the Pregnane X Receptor Agonist, Pregnenolone Carbonitrile
Hirohisa Nagahori, Shingo Ito, Sumio Ohtsuki, Kayo Sumida, Kenji Nakamura
Transcriptomic, proteomic, phosphoproteomic, and metabolomic analyses were combined to determine the role of pregnane X receptor (PXR) in nongenotoxic signaling and energy homeostasis in liver after rats were repeatedly orally dosed with the PXR agonist pregnenolone carbonitrile (PCN) for 7 days. Analyses of mRNAs and proteins in the supernatant, membrane, and cytosolic fractions of enlarged liver homogenates showed diverse expression profiles. Gene set enrichment analysis showed that the synchronous increase in mRNAs and proteins involved in chemical carcinogenesis and the response to drug was possibly mediated by the PXR pathway and proteasome core complex assembly was possibly mediated by the Nrf2 pathway. In addition, levels of proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum lumen and involved in the acute-phase response showed specific increase with no change in mRNA level, and those composed of the mitochondrial inner membrane showed specific decrease. The analysis of phosphorylated peptides of poly(A) RNA binding proteins showed a decrease in phosphorylation, possibly by casein kinase 2, which may be related to the regulation of protein expression. Proteins involved in insulin signaling pathways showed an increase in phosphorylation, possibly by protein kinase A, and those involved in apoptosis showed a decrease. Metabolomic analysis suggested the activation of the pentose phosphate and anaerobic glycolysis pathways and the increase of amino acid and fatty acid levels, as occurs in the Warburg effect. In conclusion, the results of combined analyses suggest that PXR’s effects are due to transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation with alteration of nongenotoxic signaling pathways and energy homeostasis.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00364

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00364

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.