3 years ago

Templated Self-Assembly of Dynamic Peptide Nucleic Acids

Templated Self-Assembly of Dynamic Peptide Nucleic Acids
M. Reza Ghadiri, Luke J. Leman, Yasuyuki Ura, John M. Beierle
Template-directed macromolecule synthesis is a hallmark of living systems. Inspired by this natural process, several fundamentally novel mechanisms for template-directed assembly of nucleic acid analogues have been developed. Although these approaches have broad significance, including potential applications in biotechnology and implications for the origins of life, there are unresolved challenges in how to characterize in detail the complex assembly equilibria associated with dynamic templated reactions. Here we describe mechanistic studies of template-directed dynamic assembly for thioester peptide nucleic acid (tPNA), an informational polymer that responds to selection pressures under enzyme-free conditions. To overcome some of the inherent challenges of mechanistic studies of dynamic oligomers, we designed, synthesized, and implemented tPNA–DNA conjugates. The DNA primer region affords a high level of control over the location and register of the tPNA backbone in relation to the template strand. We characterized the degree and kinetics of dynamic nucleobase mismatch correction at defined backbone positions. Furthermore, we report the fidelity of dynamic assembly in tPNA as a function of position along the peptide backbone. Finally, we present theoretical studies that explore the level of fidelity that can be expected for an oligomer having a given hybridization affinity in dynamic templated reactions and provide guidance for the future development of sequence self-editing polymers and materials. As our results demonstrate, the use of molecular conjugates of constitutionally static and dynamic polymers establishes a new methodology for expediting the characterization of the complex chemical equilibria that underlie the assembly of dynamic informational polymers.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00656

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00656

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.