5 years ago

TNF-α -308 A allele is associated with an increased risk of distant metastasis in rectal cancer patients from Southwestern China

Yong Duan, Zhen Li, Wen-liang Li, Shu-an Li, Jingyu Li, Tian-ning Zou, Kun-hua Wang, Li Yang, Ya Sun, Yu Liu, Hao Guo, Yunlong Li

by Zhen Li, Shu-an Li, Ya Sun, Yu Liu, Wen-liang Li, Li Yang, Yong Duan, Jingyu Li, Hao Guo, Tian-ning Zou, Yunlong Li, Kun-hua Wang

Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), an important factor in systematic inflammation, is reportedly involved in several cancer types. The TNF-α -308 G>A (rs1800629) polymorphism in the promoter region influences TNF-α production. The association between TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism and colorectal cancer (CRC) is not fully understood, especially the connections between TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism and clinical features of CRC. In this study, TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism was genotyped in 1140 individuals with or without CRC from Southwestern China. In case-control studies, we found no association between TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism and CRC risk. Analysis of the correlations between TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism and clinical features of CRC revealed that TNF-α -308 A allele was associated with higher body mass index (BMI) larger tumor size, and distant tumor metastasis in all CRC patients. Notably, rectal cancer (a subtype of CRC) patients with TNF-α -308 A allele had a very high risk of distant tumor metastasis [odds ratio (OR) = 4.481; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.072–9.693; P = 0.00025]. The association between TNF-α -308 A allele and distant tumor metastasis remained even significant after adjusting all clinical characteristics (OR = 7.099; 95% CI: 2.482–20.301; P = 0.000256) in rectal cancer patients. Our results suggested that TNF-α -308 A allele was significantly associated with distant tumor metastasis in rectal cancer patients.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0178218

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