5 years ago

Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: Evaluation of 2D-perfusion angiography in patients who undergo balloon pulmonary angioplasty

Julius Renne, Jan B. Hinrichs, Frank K. Wacker, Thomas Werncke, Marius M. Hoeper, Karen M. Olsson, Bernhard C. Meyer, Sabine K. Maschke



To evaluate the feasibility of 2D-perfusion angiography (2D-PA) in order to quantify perfusion changes of the lung parenchyma pre- and post-balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA).


Thirty consecutive interventions in 16 patients with 99 treated pulmonary artery segments were included. To quantify changes in pulmonary blood flow using 2D-PA, the acquired digital subtraction angiographies (DSA) pre- and post-BPA were post-processed. A reference ROI in the treated pulmonary artery and a distal target ROI in the lung parenchyma were placed in corresponding areas on DSA pre- and post-BPA. Time to peak (TTP), peak density (PD) and area under the curve (AUC) were assessed. The ratios reference ROI to target ROI (TTPparenchyma/TTPinflow; PDparenchyma/PDinflow; AUCparenchyma/AUCinflow) were calculated. Relative differences of the 2D-PA parameters were correlated to changes in the pulmonary-flow-grade-score.


The pulmonary-flow-grade-score improved after BPA (p<0.0001). Likewise, the ratio TTPparenchyma/TTPinflow shortened by 10% (p=0.0002), the PDparenchyma/PDinflow increased by 46% (p<0.0001) and the AUCparenchyma/AUCinflow increased by 36% (p<0.0001). A significant correlation between changes in the pulmonary-flow-grade-score and changes in PDparenchyma/PDinflow (ρ=0.48, p<0.0001) and AUCparenchyma/AUCinflow (ρ=0.31, p=0.0018) was observed.


Quantification of pulmonary perfusion pre- and post-BPA using 2D-PA is feasible and has the potential to improve monitoring of BPA.

Key points

• Quantification of BPA results by use of 2D-PA is feasible.

• 2D-PA allows objective assessment of changes in lung parenchymal perfusion.

• 2D-PA has the potential to optimize BPA.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00330-017-4806-z

DOI: 10.1007/s00330-017-4806-z

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.