Machine learning-based analysis of MR radiomics can help to improve the diagnostic performance of PI-RADS v2 in clinically relevant prostate cancer
To investigate whether machine learning-based analysis of MR radiomics can help improve the performance PI-RADS v2 in clinically relevant prostate cancer (PCa).
This IRB-approved study included 54 patients with PCa undergoing multi-parametric (mp) MRI before prostatectomy. Imaging analysis was performed on 54 tumours, 47 normal peripheral (PZ) and 48 normal transitional (TZ) zone based on histological-radiological correlation. Mp-MRI was scored via PI-RADS, and quantified by measuring radiomic features. Predictive model was developed using a novel support vector machine trained with: (i) radiomics, (ii) PI-RADS scores, (iii) radiomics and PI-RADS scores. Paired comparison was made via ROC analysis.
For PCa versus normal TZ, the model trained with radiomics had a significantly higher area under the ROC curve (Az) (0.955 [95% CI 0.923–0.976]) than PI-RADS (Az: 0.878 [0.834–0.914], p < 0.001). The Az between them was insignificant for PCa versus PZ (0.972 [0.945–0.988] vs. 0.940 [0.905–0.965], p = 0.097). When radiomics was added, performance of PI-RADS was significantly improved for PCa versus PZ (Az: 0.983 [0.960–0.995]) and PCa versus TZ (Az: 0.968 [0.940–0.985]).
Machine learning analysis of MR radiomics can help improve the performance of PI-RADS in clinically relevant PCa.
• Machine-based analysis of MR radiomics outperformed in TZ cancer against PI-RADS.
• Adding MR radiomics significantly improved the performance of PI-RADS.
• DKI-derived Dapp and Kapp were two strong markers for the diagnosis of PCa.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00330-017-4800-5
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