5 years ago

Multi-parametric MRI in the early prediction of response to neo-adjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer: Value of non-modelled parameters

To prospectively evaluate individual functional MRI metrics for the early prediction of pathological complete response (pCR) to neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in breast cancer. Materials and methods Thirty-two women (median age 52 years; range 32–71 years) with biopsy proven breast cancer due to receive neo-adjuvant anthracycline and/or taxane-based chemotherapy were prospectively recruited following local research ethics committee approval and written informed consent. Breast MRI was performed prior to and after two cycles of NAC and pCR was assessed after surgery. The enhancement fraction (EF), tumour volume, initial area under the gadolinium curve (IAUGC), pharmacokinetic parameters (Ktrans , kep and ve ), the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and R2* values, along with the percentage change in these parameters after two cycles were evaluated according to pCR status using an independent samples t-test. The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC) was calculated for each parameter. Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) determined the most important parameter in predicting pCR. Results A reduction in the EF (−41%±38%) and tumour volume (−80%±25%) after 2 cycles of NAC were significantly greater in those achieving pCR (p=0.025, p=0.011 respectively). A reduction in the EF of 7% after 2 cycles of NAC identified those more likely to achieve pCR (AUC 0.76). AUC changes in other parameters were tumour volume (0.77), IAUGC (0.64), Ktrans (0.60), kep (0.68), ve (0.58), ADC (0.69) and R2* (0.41). Conclusion In a multi-parametric MRI model, the decrease in a non-model based vascular parameter the enhancement fraction as well as the tumour volume are the most important early predictors of pCR in breast cancer.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0720048X1630033X

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