5 years ago

Effect of ultrasound-guided phrenic nerve block on shoulder pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy—a prospective, randomized controlled trial

Hwa Yong Shin, Yong-Hee Park, Won Joong Kim, Seung Eun Lee, Myung Sub Yi, Min Kyoung Kim, Yong Hun Jung, Hyun Kang



Post-laparoscopic shoulder pain (PLSP) frequently follows a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A proposed mechanism for PLSP is the irritation or injury of the phrenic nerve by the CO2 pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic surgery. Here, we investigated whether a phrenic nerve block (PNB), performed under ultrasound guidance, could reduce the incidence and severity of PLSP after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Sixty patients were randomized into two groups, with one group receiving PNB with 4 ml (30 mg) of 0.75% ropivacaine (group P, n = 28) and a control group (group C, n = 32). The existence and severity of PLSP were assessed for 2 days postoperatively. A pulmonary function test (PFT) and diaphragmatic excursion test were performed pre- and postoperatively.


With ultrasound guidance, all PNBs were performed successfully in group P. In group P, the overall incidence and severity of PLSP decreased significantly. There were no significant differences in incisional pain, visceral pain, and analgesic requirements between the groups. Right-side diaphragmatic excursion decreased significantly in group P at 1 h postoperatively. The PFT results and respiratory discomfort assessed by a modified Borg’s scale were not different significantly between the groups.


Based on these findings, ultrasound-guided PNB can prevent or reduce the PLSP without clinically significant respiratory discomfort.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00464-016-5398-4

DOI: 10.1007/s00464-016-5398-4

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.