The Significance of SCC and CEA mRNA in the Pleural Cavity After Lymphadenectomy in Esophageal Cancer Patients who Underwent Preoperative Treatment
This report focuses on the surgical manipulation and spread of cancer cells. Our previous study suggested an association between a poor prognosis and positive pleural lavage cytology after resection of esophageal cancer without preoperative treatment. However, little is known regarding the clinical significance of the lavage procedure in esophageal cancer patients who undergo preoperative treatment.
A cohort of 94 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus who underwent esophagectomy with radical lymph node dissection was prospectively analyzed for free cancer cells in the pleural cavity after mediastinal lymphadenectomy. Reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect free cancer cells in the pleural lavage fluid by measuring squamous cell carcinoma-related antigen (SCC) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA).
Forty-two patients (44.7%) were positive for SCC after thoracic lymphadenectomy, and 15 patients (15.9%) were positive for CEA. SCC positivity was significantly associated with venous invasion (p = 0.037) and with the clinical response to preoperative treatment (p = 0.001). Furthermore, SCC positivity was associated with poor prognosis compared with negative SCC (p = 0.026). Multivariate analysis revealed that SCC positivity was an independent prognostic factor. Regarding recurrence patterns, SCC positivity tended to be associated with hematogenous recurrence (p = 0.063). Conversely, positive CEA was not associated with any clinicopathological finding, treatment response, prognosis, or recurrence pattern.
Tumor spillage during the evaluated surgical manipulation was assessed in esophageal cancer patients who underwent preoperative treatment. Tumor spillage as evaluated by SCC mRNA was associated with a poor prognosis.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00268-017-4203-4
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