Preoperative Needs-Based Education to Reduce Anxiety, Increase Satisfaction, and Decrease Time Spent in Day Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Too much or too little information during patient education can increase patient anxiety. Needs-based patient education helps to determine the appropriate amount of information required to provide education based on patient needs. This study aimed to compare needs-based patient education with traditional patient education in reducing preoperative anxiety.
This was a prospective, multicenter, single-blind, randomized controlled trial with a 1:1 allocation ratio. Patients undergoing day surgery were randomized into a study group (needs-based education) or a control group (traditional education). The primary outcome was patient anxiety. Secondary outcomes were patient satisfaction and time spent in patient education. Patients completed questionnaires to evaluate their anxiety and satisfaction before patient education, after patient education, and after surgery.
In total, 450 patients were randomized and analyzed (study group n = 225, control group n = 225). Comparisons before education, after education, and after surgery showed that there was a significant decrease in patient anxiety and an increase in satisfaction in both groups (p < 0.001). The comparison between needs-based education and traditional education showed a greater decrease in anxiety (7.09 ± 7.02 vs. 5.33 ± 7.70, p = 0.001) and greater increase in satisfaction (21.1 ± 16.0 vs. 16.0 ± 21.6, p < 0.001) in the needs-based group. The needs-based group also had significantly less education time than the traditional group (171.8 ± 87.59 vs. 236.32 ± 101.27 s, p < 0.001).
Needs-based patient education is more effective in decreasing anxiety, increasing patient satisfaction, and reducing time spent in education compared with traditional patient education.
ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT03003091
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00268-017-4207-0
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