3 years ago

Synthesis of 1,4-Oxazepane-2,5-diones via Cyclization of Rotationally Restricted Amino Acid Precursors and Structural Reassignment of Serratin

Synthesis of 1,4-Oxazepane-2,5-diones via Cyclization of Rotationally Restricted Amino Acid Precursors and Structural Reassignment of Serratin
Ewout Ruysbergh, Christian V. Stevens, Norbert De Kimpe, Sven Mangelinckx, Kristof Van Hecke
Several natural products containing a 1,4-oxazepane-2,5-dione-core are known. One example is serratin, isolated from Serratia marcescens. Because of the presence of a carboxylic amide, which has a preference for a trans-conformation, and the presence of a labile lactone in this core, many synthetic methodologies commonly used for the cyclization toward medium-sized heterocycles cannot be applied. As N-acyl amino acids lacking a third substituent at nitrogen failed to undergo ring-closure, several N-protecting groups were evaluated. With the use of the removable PMB-group, an N-unsubstituted 1,4-oxazepane-2,5-dione was synthesized. Via the application of pseudoprolines (i.e. serine-derived oxazolidines as another type of protecting group), a compound with the presumed structure of the natural product serratin was obtained. As a result of the differences in spectral data, the incorrect structural assignment of the natural product serratin was identified. Instead of the predicted seven-membered heterocycle, a symmetrical serratamolide analogue is proposed to be the correct structure of serratin.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.7b00790

DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.7b00790

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