5 years ago

Structure, dissolution behavior, cytocompatibility, and antibacterial activity of silver-containing calcium phosphate invert glasses

Toshihiro Kasuga, Takayoshi Nakano, Sungho Lee
Novel CaO-P2O5-Nb2O5-Ag2O invert glasses with substitution Ag2O for Nb2O5 were successfully prepared using a melt-quenching method. Ag2O in the glasses act as a network modifier oxide, playing the same role as Na2O, which breaks the phosphate chains. Analysis of the ultraviolet-visible absorption spectra of the glasses showed that the glass matrix contained ionic silver species and silver nanoparticles. Approximately 0.05 mM of Nb5+ ions released from the glasses, which would be expected to stimulate osteoblast differentiation. A glass containing 1 mol % Ag2O showed a linear increase in the releasing amount of Ag+ ions with increasing soaking time, whereas glasses containing 3–5 mol % Ag2O showed Ag+ ion concentrations of around 13 μM at day 3, and then maintained similar values until day 7. When the solution was replaced with fresh solution every 2 days, the Ag+ ion dissolution amounts indicated almost constantly 13 μM due to AgCl formation. There were no differences in the numbers of primary osteoblast cells on silver-free and silver-containing glasses after cultivation for 1–7 days. The silver-containing calcium phosphate invert glasses showed cytocompatibility with simultaneous antibacterial activity to Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A, 2017.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.36173

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