3 years ago

Characterization of poly(L-glutamic acid)-grafted hyaluronan as a novel candidate medicine and biomedical device for intra-articular injection

Kazuaki Muramatsu, Nana Hiura, Yuta Yanagita, Rin Kaneko, Hiroyuki Hirai, Yuya Tajima
A novel hyaluronan (HA) derivative, poly(L-glutamic acid)-grafted hyaluronan (PGA-g-HA), was synthesized to improve the durability of conventional HA products for intra-articular injection. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of the novel HA derivative in terms of viscoelasticity, degradation behavior, non-immunogenicity, and bioactivity using preliminary in vitro and in vivo experiments. The storage modulus (G′) and loss modulus (G″) of PGA-g-HA were similar to those of HA80 (approximately 8.0 × 105 Da) rather than those of original HA200 (approximately 2.0 × 106 Da). PGA-g-HA showed strong resistance against hyaluronidase hydrolysis compared to unmodified HA200. The immunogenicity resulting from grafting PGA to HA200 was not detected in bone marrow derived dendritic cells. The anti-inflammatory activity of PGA-g-HA was confirmed in IL-1β-stimulated chondrocytes. In addition, compared to unmodified HA200, the intra-articular injection of PGA-g-HA produced greater chondroprotective effects on a monoiodoacetic acid-induced model of rat knee osteoarthritis at two weeks after a single treatment. Therefore, PGA-g-HA is expected to be a promising medicine and biomedical device for intra-articular injection. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A, 2017.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.36155

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