5 years ago

Actinic keratoses show variable histological basal growth patterns – a proposed classification adjustment

G Gupta, T Dirschka, M Stücker, E Stockfleth, R M Szeimies, T Gambichler, L Schmitz
Background Common histological classification schemes of actinic keratoses (AK) do not evaluate growth patterns at basal epidermal aspects of AK. Until now, the importance of basal epidermal growth patterns of AK has not been studied. Objective To investigate the extent of atypical keratinocytes throughout the epidermis and variation in basal growth patterns of AK. Methods AK lesions occurring on the head/face from patients seen in routine practice were assessed histologically. We determined histological grade (AK I-III), basal growth patterns of atypical keratinocytes (crowding, budding, papillary sprouting) and accompanying parameters. Results Of the 246 lesions included, 28.0% were histologically classified as AK I, 46.7% as AK II, and 25.2% as AK III. 26.4% of the basal growth patterns were classified as crowding (pro I), 49.6% as budding (pro II), 17.9% as papillary sprouting (pro III) and 6.1% without basal directed growth. No significant correlation of the histological AK I-III grading and underlying growth patterns was observed (P= 0.4666). However, adnexal structure involvement (OR= 2.37; 95%CI 1.21-4.65), infiltration (OR= 2.53; 95%CI 1.31-4.90) and increased number of vessels (OR= 2.56; 95%CI 1.42-4.65) were independent positive predictive markers for pro II and pro III basal growth patterns. Conclusions Basal growth patterns (pro I-III) in AK do not correlate with the established AK I-III histological grading system. Besides the degree of upward extension, varying degrees of downward extension exist. Histological classification should consider both, upwards and downward growth patterns when assessing AK. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/jdv.14512

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