5 years ago

Does SGLT2 inhibition with dapagliflozin overcome individual therapy resistance to RAAS inhibition?

Sergei Petrykiv, Gozewijn D. Laverman, Hiddo J. L. Heerspink, Dick de Zeeuw
Individual patients show a large variation in their response to renin-angiotensin-aldosteron system (RAAS) inhibition (RAASi), both in surrogates such as albuminuria and in hard renal outcomes. Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2) have been shown to lower albuminuria and to confer cardiovascular and, possibly, renal protection. To establish whether individual therapy resistance to RAASi can be overcome by adding an SGLT2 inhibitor, we assessed individual albuminuria responses in patients exposed to both RAASi and the SGLT2 inhibitor dapagliflozin. We used data from a randomized controlled cross-over trial designed to assess the albuminuria-lowering effect of 6-week treatment with dapagliflozin 10 mg/d. We extracted from the electronic medical records data on the albuminuria response upon initiation of RAASi before the trial period, and analysed individual albuminuria responses to RAASi and to dapagliflozin. We retrieved data on RAASi for 26 patients (age, 62 years [SD, 8]; female gender, 6 [23%]; 24-hour urinary albumin excretion, 521 [187-921] mg/24 h). The mean albuminuria-lowering response to RAASi was 26.5% (range, −76.1% to 135.1%). The addition of dapagliflozin res in a further reduction of 34.9%, (range, −83.9 to 94.2). Interestingly, the albuminuria response to RAASi significantly correlated with the response to dapagliflozin (Pearson correlation coefficient, 0.635 [95% CI, 0.328-0.821]; P < .001), indicating that patients who did not respond to RAASi also did not respond to dapagliflozin. We concluded that individual therapy resistance to RAASi cannot be overcome with the addition of a completely different class of drugs, SGLT2 inhibitors. These data suggest that the individual drug response is an intrinsic individual characteristic, possibly unrelated to the type of intervention, unless the mode of action of dapagliflozin on albuminuria is through the RAAS.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/dom.13057

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