5 years ago

Pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics and safety of multiple ascending doses of the novel dual glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide/glucagon-like peptide-1 agonist RG7697 in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Richard DiMarchi, Agnès Portron, Christophe Schmitt, Shirin Jadidi, Neena Sarkar
Aims To investigate the pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics and safety of multiple ascending doses of RG7697, a dual glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide/glucagon-like peptide-1 agonist, in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Methods A total of 56 patients with T2D received once-daily subcutaneous (s.c.) injection of RG7697 (0.25-2.5 mg) or placebo for 14 days in a randomized, double-blind, dose-escalation study. Adverse events (AEs), vital signs, ECGs and routine laboratory variables were intensively monitored. Drug concentrations, fasting glycaemic variables, 24-hour glucose profiles, glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and antibody formation were measured. Several meal tolerance and gastric emptying tests were performed during the study. Results Daily s.c. injections of RG7697 were well tolerated by the majority of participants with T2D. The most frequently reported AEs with RG7697 were diarrhoea, nausea and decreased appetite. Asymptomatic events of hypoglycaemia were relatively uniformly distributed across dose groups including placebo. Pharmacokinetic steady-state was achieved within 1 week. Meaningful reductions in fasting, postprandial and 24-hour plasma glucose profile were observed at doses ≥0.75 mg, and were associated with numerical decreases in HbA1c (−0.67% [2.5-mg dose] vs −0.21% [placebo]). Decrease in postprandial insulin at doses ≥1.1 mg suggested improvement in insulin sensitivity. Minimum delay in gastric emptying and body weight reductions numerically greater than placebo (− 3.0 kg vs −0.9 kg) were seen at the highest dose of 2.5 mg. Conclusions Daily doses of RG7697 for 2 weeks were well tolerated by the majority of patients with T2D. Pharmacokinetic data supported once-daily dosing and pharmacodynamic effect displayed dose-dependent reductions in fasting and postprandial plasma glucose, without increasing the risk of hypoglycaemia.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/dom.13024

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