3 years ago

Dysregulation of the causative genes for hereditary parkinsonism in the midbrain in Parkinson's disease

Hyeo-Il Ma, Yun Joong Kim, Suk Yun Kang, Unjoo Lee, Young-Eun Kim, Jeong Hoon Hong, Junbeom Jeon, Jeehee Yoon, Jaemoon Shin, Yeo Jin Kim, Nan Young Kim, Jae-Min Oh, SangKyoon Hong
Background and Objectives Many hereditary movement disorders with complex phenotypes without a locus symbol prefix for familial PD present as parkinsonism; however, the dysregulation of genes associated with these phenotypes in the SNpc of PD patients has not been systematically studied. Methods Gene set enrichment analyses were performed using 10 previously published genome-wide expression datasets obtained by laser-captured microdissection of pigmented neurons in the SNpc. A custom-curated gene set for hereditary parkinsonism consisting of causative genes (n = 78) related to disorders with a parkinsonism phenotype, but not necessarily idiopathic or monogenic PD, was constructed from the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man database. Results In 9 of the 10 gene expression data sets, gene set enrichment analysis showed that the disease-causing genes for hereditary parkinsonism were downregulated in the SNpc in PD patients compared to controls (nominal P values <0.05 in five studies). Among the 63 leading edge subset genes representing downregulated genes in PD, 79.4% were genes without a locus symbol prefix for familial PD. A meta–gene set enrichment analysis performed with a random-effect model showed an association between the gene set for hereditary parkinsonism and PD with a negative normalized enrichment score value (–1.40; 95% CI: –1.52∼–1.28; P < 6.2E-05). Conclusion Disease-causing genes with a parkinsonism phenotype are downregulated in the SNpc in PD. Our study highlights the importance of genes associated with hereditary movement disorders with parkinsonism in understanding the pathogenesis of PD. © 2017 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/mds.27019

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