4 years ago

Interleukin-36 receptor mediates the crosstalk between plasma cells and synovial fibroblasts

Silke Frey, Stefanie Hahne, Dirk Mielenz, Verena Kästele, Verena Schmitt, Olga Wagner, Steffen Gay, Axel J Hueber, Hans-Martin Jäck, Madelaine Hahn, Adriano Taddeo, Andreas Radbruch, Anja Derer, Georg Schett, Wolfgang Schuh, Maximilian Wiendl
The IL-1 family member IL-36α has proinflammatory and pathogenic properties in psoriasis. IL-36α binds to the IL-36 receptor leading to nuclear factor kappa B/mitogen activated protein kinase mediated cytokine release. The IL-36R antagonist prevents recruitment of IL-1 receptor accessory protein and therefore IL-36-dependent cell activation. In inflamed human tissue, we previously could show that resident B cells and plasma cells (PC) express IL-36α. Further, fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) produced proinflammatory cytokines upon IL-36α-stimulation. We hypothesize an IL-36-specific crosstalk between B cells/PCs and FLS permitting a proinflammatory B cell niche. Here, we firstly demonstrated that B cell lines and B cells from healthy donors express IL-36α and stimulation increased IL-36α in B cells and primary plasmablasts/PCs. Moreover, FLS respond specifically to IL-36α by proliferation and production of matrix metalloproteinases via p38/HSP27 signaling. Importantly, IL-36R-deficiency abrogated IL-36α−induced production of inflammatory mediators in FLS and changed the intrinsic FLS-phenotype. Using an in vitro co-culture system, we could show that IL-36R-deficient FLS had a limited capacity to support PC survival compared to wild-type FLS. Hence, we demonstrated an IL-36R-dependent crosstalk between B cells/PCs and FLS. Our data support the concept of initiation and maintenance of a proinflammatory niche by B cells in the joints. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/eji.201646788

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.