3 years ago

Maintenance of CD8+ memory T lymphocytes in the spleen but not in the bone marrow is dependent on proliferation

Patrick Maschmeyer, Andreas Radbruch, Özen Sercan Alp, Koji Tokoyoda, Hyun-Dong Chang, Francesco Siracusa, Shintaro Hojyo, Mir-Farzin Mashreghi, Mairi McGrath
It is current belief that numbers of CD8 memory T lymphocytes in the memory phase of an immune response are maintained by homeostatic proliferation. Here we compare the proliferation of CD8 memory T lymphocytes, generated by natural infections and by intentional immunization, in spleen and in bone marrow. 50% of CD8 memory T lymphocytes in the spleen are eliminated by cyclophosphamide within 14 days, indicating that numbers of at least 50% of splenic CD8 memory T lymphocytes are maintained by proliferation. Numbers of CD8 memory T lymphocytes in the bone marrow, however, were not affected by cyclophosphamide. This stability was independent of circulating CD8 memory T cells, blocked by FTY720, showing that bone marrow is a privileged site for the maintenance of memory T lymphocytes, as resident cells, resting in terms of proliferation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/eji.201747063

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