5 years ago

The inflammatory cytokine interferon-gamma inhibits sortilin-1 expression in hepatocytes via the JAK/STAT pathway

The inflammatory cytokine interferon-gamma inhibits sortilin-1 expression in hepatocytes via the JAK/STAT pathway
Magnus Bäck, John Pirault, Göran K. Hansson, Marcelo H. Petri, Konstantinos A. Polyzos, Daniel F. J. Ketelhuth
Sortilin-1, a receptor of the VPS10p family, has been associated with cardiovascular disease in genome-wide association studies. It is implicated in lipoprotein metabolism, secretion of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) and secretion of inflammatory cytokines. However, its own regulation remains unclear. Chronic inflammation is a hallmark of atherosclerosis and the absence of regulatory T (Treg) cells is associated with reduced protein expression of sortilin-1 in the liver. Therefore, we postulated that mediator(s) of inflammation known to be downregulated by Treg cells may modulate sortilin-1 expression. In this study, we identify interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) as the key inflammatory mediator controlling sortilin-1 levels. In vitro cultures of murine hepatocytes cell line and in silico experiments showed that the transcription factor Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 was activated and bound to the Sort-1 gene upon IFN-γ treatment. This reduced the expression of sortilin-1, while disrupting the IFN-γ signaling pathway prevented the effect. These data unravel an intricate mechanism by which inflammation modulates receptors involved in lipoprotein turnover. We demonstrated by cultures, chromatin immunoprecipitation assays and disruption of the JAK/STAT1 signaling pathway that the treatment of hepatocytes with the inflammatory cytokine IFN-γ induced the repression of sortilin-1.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/eji.201646768

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