4 years ago

PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in haematological malignancies: update 2017

PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in haematological malignancies: update 2017
Roman Hajek, Michal Kascak, Tomas Jelinek, Jana Mihalyova, Juraj Duras
The introduction of PD-1/PD-L1 pathway inhibitors is an important landmark in solid oncology with unprecedented practice-changing activity in various types of solid tumours. Among haematological malignancies, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors have been successful, so far, only in the treatment of classical Hodgkin lymphoma, which typically exhibits an over-expression of PD-1 ligands (PD-L1, PD-L2) due to alterations in chromosome 9p24.1. Such positive outcomes led to the US Food and Drug Administration approval of nivolumab use in relapsed Hodgkin lymphoma in 2016 as the first haematological indication. Although the results in other lymphoid malignancies have not been so striking, blockade of the PD-1/PD-L1 axis has led to meaningful responses in other lymphoma types such as diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma or several T-cell lymphomas. Monotherapy with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and multiple myeloma has been unsatisfactory, suggesting that a combinational approach with other synergistic drugs is needed. In the case of multiple myeloma, immunomodulatory agents together with corticosteroids represent the most promising combinations. Among myeloid malignancies, the anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibodies are examined dominantly in acute myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndromes in combination with potentially synergistic hypomethylating drugs such as 5-azacitidine, resulting in promising outcomes that warrant further investigation. We have described all available clinical results of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in haematological malignancies and discussed related toxicities, as well as highlighted crucial preclinical studies in this review. Ongoing phase 2 and phase 3 clinical trials with estimated enrolment of 60 or more patients.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/imm.12788

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.