3 years ago

Artificial human antigen-presenting cells are superior to dendritic cells at inducing cytotoxic T-cell responses

Artificial human antigen-presenting cells are superior to dendritic cells at inducing cytotoxic T-cell responses
Wenxue Ma, Shengwen Shao, Boris Minev, Danielle Burner, Hua Li, Lingeng Lu, Qiuqiang Chen, Jianshu Cai
Peptide recognition through the MHC class I molecule by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) leads to the killing of cancer cells. A potential challenge for T-cell immunotherapy is that dendritic cells (DCs) are exposed to the MHC class I–peptide complex for an insufficient amount of time. To improve tumour antigen presentation to T cells and thereby initiate a more effective T-cell response, we generated artificial antigen-presenting cells (aAPCs) by incubating human immature DCs (imDCs) with poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid nanoparticles (PLGA-NPs) encapsulating tumour antigenic peptides, followed by maturation with lipopolysaccharide. Tumour antigen-specific CTLs were then induced using either peptide-loaded mature DCs (mDCs) or aAPCs, and their activities were analysed using both ELISpot and cytotoxicity assays. We found that the aAPCs induced significantly stronger tumour antigen-specific CTL responses than the controls, which included both mDCs and aAPCs loaded with empty nanoparticles. Moreover, frozen CTLs that were generated by exposure to aAPCs retained the capability to eradicate HLA-A2-positive tumour antigen-bearing cancer cells. These results indicated that aAPCs are superior to DCs when inducing the CTL response because the former are capable of continuously presenting tumour antigens to T cells in a sustained manner. The development of aAPCs with PLGA-NPs encapsulating tumour antigenic peptides is a promising approach for the generation of effective CTL responses in vitro and warrants further assessments in clinical trials. Artificial antigen-presenting cells (aAPCs) were generated by incubating human immature DCs (imDCs) with poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid nanoparticles (PLGA-NPs) encapsulating tumour antigenic peptides, followed by the maturation with lipopolysaccharide. The aAPCs induced significantly stronger tumour antigen-specific CTL responses than the controls and are superior to DCs when inducing a CTL response because the aAPCs are capable of continuously presenting tumour antigens to T cells in a sustained manner.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/imm.12783

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