3 years ago

Dynamic coupling between fMRI local connectivity and interictal EEG in focal epilepsy: A wavelet analysis approach

Graeme D. Jackson, Mangor Pedersen, Andrew Zalesky, David F. Abbott, David N. Vaughan, Amir Omidvarnia, Jennifer M. Walz
Simultaneous scalp EEG-fMRI recording is a noninvasive neuroimaging technique for combining electrophysiological and hemodynamic aspects of brain function. Despite the time-varying nature of both measurements, their relationship is usually considered as time-invariant. The aim of this study was to detect direct associations between scalp-recorded EEG and regional changes of hemodynamic brain connectivity in focal epilepsy through a time-frequency paradigm. To do so, we developed a voxel-wise framework that analyses wavelet coherence between dynamic regional phase synchrony (DRePS, calculated from fMRI) and band amplitude fluctuation (BAF) of a target EEG electrode with dominant interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs). As a proof of concept, we applied this framework to seven patients with focal epilepsy. The analysis produced patient-specific spatial maps of DRePS-BAF coupling, which highlight regions with a strong link between EEG power and local fMRI connectivity. Although we observed DRePS-BAF coupling proximate to the suspected seizure onset zone in some patients, our results suggest that DRePS-BAF is more likely to identify wider ‘epileptic networks’. We also compared DRePS-BAF with standard EEG-fMRI analysis based on general linear modelling (GLM). There was, in general, little overlap between the DRePS-BAF maps and GLM maps. However, in some subjects the spatial clusters revealed by these two analyses appeared to be adjacent, particularly in medial posterior cortices. Our findings suggest that (1) there is a strong time-varying relationship between local fMRI connectivity and interictal EEG power in focal epilepsy, and (2) that DRePS-BAF reflect different aspects of epileptic network activity than standard EEG-fMRI analysis. These two techniques, therefore, appear to be complementary. Hum Brain Mapp, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/hbm.23723

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