3 years ago

Serine alleviates oxidative stress via supporting glutathione synthesis and methionine cycle in mice

Serine alleviates oxidative stress via supporting glutathione synthesis and methionine cycle in mice
Xihong Zhou, Xin Wu, Yulong Yin, Canrong Wu, Liuqin He, Yumei Zhang
Scope Serine lies at the central node linking biosynthetic flux from glycolysis to glutathione synthesis and one-carbon metabolic cycle which are closely related to antioxidant capacity. The present study was conducted to determine the effects of serine supplementation on oxidative stress and its relative mechanisms. Methods and results Diquat treatment was performed to induce oxidative stress in mice and primary hepatocytes. The results showed that hepatic glutathione anti-oxidant systems were impaired and reactive oxygen species and homocysteine were increased in diquat-induced mice and hepatocytes, while such disadvantageous changes were diminished by serine supplementation both in vivo and in vitro. However, when cystathionine β-synthase expression was inhibited by interference RNA in hepatocytes, the effects of serine supplementation on the improvement of glutathione synthesis and the alleviation of oxidative stress were diminished. Moreover, when hepatocytes were treated with cycloleucine, an inhibitor of methionine adenosyltransferase, the effects of serine supplementation on the improvement of methionine cycle and the alleviation of DNA hypomethylation and oxidative stress were also diminished. Conclusion Our results indicated that serine supplementation alleviated oxidative stress via supporting glutathione synthesis and methionine cycle, mostly by condensing with homocysteine to synthesize cysteine and providing one-carbon units for homocysteine remethylation. Increased reactive oxygen species, which disturb the methionine cycle and DNA hypomethylation, are observed in liver under oxidative stress. L-serine supplementation alleviates hepatic oxidative stress by improving the synthesis of glutathione as its substrate, and by supporting methionine cycle as a one-carbon unit supplier.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/mnfr.201700262

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