3 years ago

Glucuronidation and its impact on the bioactivity of [6]-shogaol

Glucuronidation and its impact on the bioactivity of [6]-shogaol
Yantao Zhao, Shengmin Sang, Pei Wang, Yingdong Zhu
Scope -shogaol (6S) from ginger has been reported to have diverse bioactivities and can be widely metabolized in animals and humans; however, the impact of glucuronidation on its bioactivity is still largely unknown. This study investigates the glucuronidation of 6S and its effect on cell cytotoxicity and Nrf2-inducing activities of 6S. Methods and results The glucuronidated metabolite of 6S, 4-O-monoglucuronide 6S (6S-G), was synthesized and characterized for the first time. Glucuronidation of 6S in humans was studied using microsomes of the liver and intestine and recombinant UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGTs). The kinetics of 6S glucuronidation by human liver and intestinal microsomes followed the substrate inhibition kinetics model. The intrinsic glucuronidation clearance (CLint) of 6S in human liver microsomes was higher than that in human intestine microsomes. Among the recombinant UGTs examined, UGT1A1, 1A3, 1A6, 1A8, 1A10, 2B7, 2B15, and 2B17 exhibited glucuronidation activity toward 6S, with UGT2B7 being the most potent one. Compared with 6S, the glucuronidation of 6S largely eliminated its cell cytotoxicity against human colon cancer cell lines HT-116 and HT-29, and its Nrf2-inducing activity. Conclusion The findings from current study provide foundations for understanding the role of glucuronidation in biotransformation and biological activities of 6S. This study investigates the glucuronidation of -shogaol (6S), a bioactive compound in ginger, and its effect on the Nrf2-inducing activity of 6S. The glucuronidated metabolite of 6S, 4-O-monoglucuronide 6S (6S-G), was synthesized and characterized for the first time. Glucuronidation of 6S in humans was studied using microsomes of the liver and intestine and recombinant UGTs. Among the recombinant UGTs examined, UGT1A1, 1A3, 1A6, 1A8, 1A10, 2B7, 2B15, and 2B17 exhibited glucuronidation activity toward 6S, with UGT2B7 being the most potent one.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/mnfr.201700023

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.