4 years ago

Incorporating Refractory Period in Mechanical Stimulation Mitigates Obesity-Induced Adipose Tissue Dysfunction in Adult Mice

Danielle M. Frechette, Janet Rubin, Gabriel M. Pagnotti, Vihitaben S. Patel, M. Ete Chan, Clinton T. Rubin
Objective The aim of this study was to determine whether inclusion of a refractory period between bouts of low-magnitude mechanical stimulation (LMMS) can curb obesity-induced adipose tissue dysfunction and sequelae in adult mice. Methods A diet-induced obesity model that included a diet with 45% of kilocalories from fat was employed with intention to treat. C57BL/6J mice were weight matched into four groups: low-fat diet (LFD, n = 8), high-fat diet (HFD, n = 8), HFD with one bout of 30-minute LMMS (HFDv, n = 9), and HFD with two bouts of 15-minute LMMS with a 5-hour separation (refractory period, RHFDv, n = 9). Two weeks of diet was followed by 6 weeks of diet plus LMMS. Results HFD and HFDv mice continued gaining body weight and visceral adiposity throughout the experiment, which was mitigated in RHFDv mice. Compared with LFD mice, HFD and HFDv mice had increased rates of adipocyte hypertrophy, increased immune cell infiltration (B cells, T cells, and macrophages) into adipose tissue, increased adipose tissue inflammation (tumor necrosis factor alpha gene expression), and a decreased proportion of mesenchymal stem cells in adipose tissue, all of which were rescued in RHFDv mice. Glucose intolerance and insulin resistance were elevated in HFD and HFDv mice, but not in RHFDv mice, as compared with LFD mice. Conclusions Incorporating a 5-hour refractory period between bouts of LMMS attenuates obesity-induced adipose tissue dysfunction and improves glucose metabolism.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/oby.21958

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