3 years ago

Pain intensity and pain self-management strategies following discharge after surgery: An Australian prospective observational study

Pain intensity and pain self-management strategies following discharge after surgery: An Australian prospective observational study
G. M. Peterson, F. C. Veal, L. R. Bereznicki, L. J. Perry, A. J. Thompson
What is known and objective Up to 80% of patients experience acute pain following surgery. This study aimed to improve the current understanding about the strategies individuals use to self-manage pain following discharge after surgery, stratified by pain intensity. Methods A prospective observational study conducted at the Royal Hobart Hospital, Australia, between November 2014 and March 2015. Eligible participants were 18 years or older and had undergone surgery requiring an incision. Patients who had undergone surgery related to cancer, childbirth or multitrauma or those with dementia were excluded. Participants were identified through hospital records and mailed a survey within 1 week of discharge. This survey asked about post-discharge pain, management strategies utilized and advice on self-management of pain provided during their inpatient stay. Results Five hundred surveys were mailed, with 169 (33.8%) being returned. The median age of the respondents was 57 years (range: 18-92 years); 53% were female. The majority (89.3%) of participants recalled receiving information about pain self-management. Analgesic use was reported by 95.4% of participants in the week following discharge. Moderate-severe pain was reported by 80 participants (47.3%); 63.7% and 11.3% of patients reported underuse and overuse of analgesics compared to what was recommended, respectively. What is new and conclusion A high proportion of patients underused analgesics despite experiencing moderate-severe pain. Although the vast majority of participants reported receiving advice regarding pain self-management, this did not appear to translate into optimal pain management after discharge. Different approaches to the provision of advice appear to be required. This study demonstrates that moderate-severe acute pain following hospital discharge after surgery is a significant issue. The majority (89.3%) of participants recalled receiving information about their pain management, however what advice was given and by whom was variable. Further research is required to identify what information patients would like to know about self-management of pain and opinions of hospital staff about whose responsibility within a hospital it is to give this advice.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/jcpt.12584

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