3 years ago

Treatment with diphenyl-pyrazole compound anle138b/c reveals that {alpha}-synuclein protects melanoma cells from autophagic cell death [Medical Sciences]

Treatment with diphenyl-pyrazole compound anle138b/c reveals that {alpha}-synuclein protects melanoma cells from autophagic cell death [Medical Sciences]
Michael P. Schon, Margarete Schon, Armin Giese, Sergey Ryazanov, Diana F. Lazaro, Tiago F. Outeiro, Dorothea Becker, Donna J. Arndt–Jovin, Andrei Leonov, Christian Griesinger, Elisa Turriani

Recent epidemiological and clinical studies have reported a significantly increased risk for melanoma in people with Parkinson’s disease. Because no evidence could be obtained that genetic factors are the reason for the association between these two diseases, we hypothesized that of the three major Parkinson’s disease-related proteins—α-synuclein, LRRK2, and Parkin—α-synuclein might be a major link. Our data, presented here, demonstrate that α-synuclein promotes the survival of primary and metastatic melanoma cells, which is the exact opposite of the effect that α-synuclein has on dopaminergic neurons, where its accumulation causes neuronal dysfunction and death. Because this detrimental effect of α-synuclein on neurons can be rescued by the small molecule anle138b, we explored its effect on melanoma cells. We found that treatment with anle138b leads to massive melanoma cell death due to a major dysregulation of autophagy, suggesting that α-synuclein is highly beneficial to advanced melanoma because it ensures that autophagy is maintained at a homeostatic level that promotes and ensures the cell’s survival.

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