3 years ago

Population pharmacokinetic analysis of lanicemine (AZD6765), an NMDA channel blocker, in healthy subjects and patients with major depressive disorder

Population pharmacokinetic analysis of lanicemine (AZD6765), an NMDA channel blocker, in healthy subjects and patients with major depressive disorder
F. Agbo, D. Zhou, K. H. Bui
What is known and objective Lanicemine (AZD6765) is a low-trapping N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor channel blocker that has demonstrated antidepressant efficacy in three of four clinical studies. The aim of this study was to develop a population pharmacokinetic model describing the concentration vs time profile of intravenously administered lanicemine in healthy subjects and patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and to use the model to evaluate the impact of demographic and clinical factors and concomitant medication on the pharmacokinetics of lanicemine. Methods Data were derived from four studies: two Phase I trials in healthy subjects (studies 8 [NCT01069822] and 13 [NCT00785915]) and two Phase II trials in patients with MDD (studies 1 [NCT00491686] and 9 [NCT00781742]). Population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed by nonlinear mixed-effects modelling. The covariates evaluated within the model included sex, race, age and body weight parameters, clinically relevant laboratory measures, and use of concomitant medications. Goodness-of-fit plots, bootstrap and visual predictive checks were conducted to confirm concordance with observed data. Results and discussion A total of 2531 plasma lanicemine concentrations were available for analysis from 191 healthy subjects and patients with MDD. The pharmacokinetics of lanicemine following intravenous infusion was best described by a two-compartment model with zero-order input and first-order elimination. Mean systemic clearance (CL) was estimated at 9.43 L/h (90% CI 9.12-9.77), central compartment volume of distribution (V1) was 106 L (90% CI 93.7-115), peripheral volume of distribution (V2) was 47.3 (95% CI 39.6-56.6), and intercompartmental clearance (Q) was 75.7 (90% CI 51.8-127). Lean body mass and body surface area had a statistically significant effect on CL and V1, respectively. What is new and conclusions The population pharmacokinetic model developed adequately described the clinical observation of lanicemine in patients with MDD and healthy volunteers. Lean body mass and body surface area were identified as covariates that significantly influence the pharmacokinetics of lanicemine. A population pharmacokinetic model was developed for lanicemine in healthy subjects and patients with major depressive disorder. The impact of covariates, including demographic characteristics, markers of renal and hepatic function and drug–drug interactions, on the pharmacokinetic parameters of lanicemine were also evaluated.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/jcpt.12541

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